Netherlands

Les politiques d'immigration et les politiques concernant l'intégration des minorités ethniques dans la société néerlandaise ont été sur l'ordre du jour politique néerlandais durant les dernières décennies. Récemment, cependant, ces débats ont reçu une nouvelle impulsion suite à la publication d'un article de journal par un membre éminent du parti travailliste néerlandais, Paul Scheffer. Dans ce chapitre, je replaceles développements récents dans les politiques de regroupement familial néerlandais sur le fond de ces débats actuels sur l'immigration, l'intégration et la culture néerlandaise traditionnelle - et en particulier, les normes de la famille néerlandaise.

Immigration policies and policies regarding the integration of ethnic minorities into Dutch society have been on the Dutch political agenda for the past decades. Recently, however, these debates received a new impulse from the publication of a newspaper article by a prominent member of the Dutch Labor party, Paul Scheffer. In this chapter I wish to place recent developments in Dutch family reunification policies against the background of these current debates on immigration, integration, and traditional Dutch culture - and in particular, Dutch family norms. 

While families all over the world enlist the help of family, friends, or paid day care for their children, the need to do so is especially strong for individual women (single or divorced) who work outside the home to earn a living. Women who migrate for work in another country, in search of better pay, may need to have children stay in the homes of others in the country of origin. That "good mothering" may take many forms was not initially recognized under Dutch immigration law. The approach in the Netherlands eventually brbought it into conflict with European human rights law and with the merging immigration law of the European Union (EU).

While families all over the world enlist the help of family, friends, or paid day care for their children, the need to do so is especially strong for individual women (single or divorced) who work outside the home to earn a living. Women who migrate for work in another country, in search of better pay, may need to have children stay in the homes of others in the country of origin. That "good mothering" may take many forms was not initially recognized under Dutch immigration law. The approach in the Netherlands eventually brbought it into conflict with European human rights law and with the merging immigration law of the European Union (EU).

Dans ce chapitre, je vais donner un bref survol des changements normatifs qui ont eu lieu aux Pays-Bas au cours de la seconde moitié du XXe siècle. Je vais évaluer ces changements aux développements qui ont eu lieu, au cours de la même période, à la régulation de la migration familiale aux Pays-Bas. Ensuite, je vais explorer la façon dont le régime de la migration familiale qui a pris forme à la fin du XXe siècle se rapporte à un nouveau contexte de la mondialisation comme théorisé par, entre autres, Sassen. Enfin, je vais questionner si et dans quelle mesure l'héritage raciste du passé colonial néerlandais se répercutent dans le contexte actuel.

In this chapter, I shall give a brief account of the normative changes that have taken place in the Netherlands in the course of the second half of the twentieth century. I shall relate these changes to developments that have taken place, during the same period, in the regulation of family migration to the Netherlands. Next, I shall explore how the family migration regime that has taken shape at the end of the twentieth century relates to an emerging context of globalisation as theorised by, among others, Sassen. Finally, I shall question if and to what extent the racist legacy of the Dutch colonial past does indeed reverberate in the present-day context. 

La Cour européenne des droits de l'Homme (Cour européenne) a récemment mis en évidence une décision importante concernant l'admission des enfants dans le cas de Sen c. Pays-Bas. Selon la façon dont on interprète cette décision, cela pourrait signifier un changement significatif par rapport aux décisions antérieures que la Cour européenne a prises sur cette question.

The European Court on Human Rights (European Court) has recently brought out an important decision regarding the admission of children in the case of Sen v. the Netherlands. Depending on how one interprets this decision, it could mean a significant shift from earlier decisions that the European Court has taken on this issue. 

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