Gestion des migrations

Slovenia began erecting a razor-wire fence at its border with Croatia on Wednesday to stem the inflow of migrants, as winter closes in and countries to the north tighten their own border controls.

Along the Sahara trail that tens of thousands of Africans take each year to reach the shores of Italy, Europe is paying for a pit stop, of sorts — one that it hopes will give these young people on the move a reason to go back home.

The European Union was closing in on a deal Wednesday to return more migrants to Africa, but there was skepticism that the plan would meet the goal of reducing the numbers of refugees arriving in Germany, Scandinavia and other destinations.

Somewhere right now, in a refugee camp in Amman or a rental apartment in Beirut or on a street in Istanbul, sits a Syrian hoping to be among the 25,000 people resettled to Canada, possibly by the end of the year. United Nations staff working with the Canadian government to figure out who will be on the planes or ships dispatched to the region in the coming weeks say they are trying to keep expectations realistic.

Britain yesterday began the process of deporting migrants camped at a British military base in Cyprus, triggering the threat of a mass hunger strike. Members of the group, which crossed the Mediterranean from Lebanon on two small boats almost three weeks ago, were warned in a letter that they would be returned to Beirut because they had chosen not to claim asylum in Cyprus.

Britain is to spend almost half a billion pounds to stem the flow of migrants across the Mediterranean. Ministers will announce £275 million of funding today to help Turkish officials deal with hundreds of thousands of Syrian refugees over the next two years, as a two-day global summit on the crisis closes in Malta. At a working dinner in Valletta last night, David Cameron also pledged to use £200 million of British aid money to help African countries tackle migration.

David Cameron is to insist that EU migrants working in Britain are banned from claiming in-work benefits for four years as part of the UK’s new relationship with Brussels. The prime minister said he still wanted the controversial reform to be part of Britain’s new relationship with the EU, despite major difficulties in securing the move.

Le ministre de l’intérieur suédois, Anders Ygeman, a annoncé, mercredi 11 novembre, que la Suède allait instaurer, dès jeudi, des contrôles à ses frontières pour une durée de dix jours. M. Ygeman, lors d’une conférence de presse, a expliqué cette décision par la forte arrivée de migrants dans son pays : « Il y a un nombre record de réfugiés qui arrivent en Suède. L’Office des migrations est sous forte pression […] et la police estime qu’il existe une menace contre l’ordre public. »

Le ministre de l’Immigration, des Réfugiés et de la Citoyenneté, John McCallum, reconnaît que le temps presse pour le gouvernement, qui a promis d’accueillir 25 000 réfugiés syriens au Canada d’ici le 31 décembre. Ils devront travailler sur plusieurs fronts afin de parvenir à attacher les nombreuses ficelles de ce plan complexe, de la sélection des milliers de déplacés jusqu’à leur accueil au Canada, en passant par les questions logistiques reliées au transport.

Les Européens vont s'efforcer jeudi à Malte d'éviter d'apparaître comme une «forteresse» aux yeux d'Africains avec lesquels ils vont signer un plan d'action censé endiguer l'afflux de migrants, qui met à mal leur cohésion.

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