Gestion des migrations

L’Europe n’en a pas fini avec la crise des réfugiés. La crainte d’une fermeture de toutes les frontières européennes, un temps calme sur la mer Egée, ainsi que, selon les Nations unies, l’offensive de l’armée syrienne, appuyée par l’Iran et par la Russie, contribuent à un nouvel afflux. D’après l’ONU, environ 35 000 personnes ont fui notamment la région d’Alep ces derniers jours.

"Four Honduran teenage boys are missing after they ran away from a federally funded shelter in Tucson this month, sparking concern among both conservative and liberal critics of the system for housing immigrant youths. Both sides say the program needs more oversight and transparency."

Besides being a long-term political challenge, Europe's refugee crisis has also presented European governments with more practical problems, such as finding enough housing for hundreds of thousands of asylum seekers

"Critics of the government’s policy of preventing migrants from coming ashore are seizing on her case to highlight allegations of abuse in the detention centers, and on Nauru, where hundreds of migrants have been held."

"The United Nations accused the Czech Republic of violating the rights of hundreds of migrants, mostly from Syria, who were detained in “reprehensible” and “degrading” conditions, in a statement released Thursday. Zeid Ra’ad al-Hussein, the United Nations high commissioner for human rights, said in the statement that “the violations of the human rights of migrants are neither isolated nor coincidental, but systematic: they appear to be an integral part of a policy by the Czech government designed to deter migrants and refugees from entering the country or staying there."

With a significant slowdown in the surge of migrants streaming across the Southwest border, it stands to reason that the number of deaths among those braving the crippling heat of Arizona’s desert frontier with Mexico would also decline. But it didn't. In fact, even more people died attempting the perilous crossing: 117 bodies have been recovered along migration routes in southern Arizona since Jan. 1, compared with 108 bodies during the same period last year. What happened?

After weeks of warnings about the dangers involved in Europe’s migrant influx, and fears about winter’s arrival, the worries of public officials and humanitarian groups were realized on Monday when thousands of asylum seekers, many of them families with small children, began to back up at crossings and were stranded in a chilly rain.

“We can’t welcome everybody,” a Bavarian-based newspaper wrote recently. Crowding thousands of people from different cultures into tents and hoping that they follow German customs was simply irresponsible. There were 1,000 criminal acts, 2,000 police interventions and 3,000 injuries over a two-week period alone. All this self-congratulatory talk of hospitality had to stop.

Stepping up European attempts to clear away hundreds of thousands of migrants whose asylum claims have been denied, E.U. leaders early Friday bolstered the powers of the pan-E.U. border agency to deport people.

De Hart discute de ces formes de régulation du sexe, des relations et des mariages entre les groupes qui ont été considérés comme mélangés sur le plan de la race ou de l'ethnie. Elle fournit des exemples historiques, tels que les mesures contre les «Negrocabarets» et contre les mariages néerlandais-chinois dans les années 1930.

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