Migrant illégal

Depuis 2011, le Canada a détenu plus de 200 enfants canadiens au Centre de détention d'immigrants de Toronto. Le rapport recommande que le Canada mette en place des alternatives à la détention d'enfants, plutôt que de les détenir dans des centres de détention et les séparer de leurs parents.

 

Le rapport de 57 pages fait le suivi du rapport qui avait été publié en septembre 2016, “No Life for a Child”: A Roadmap to End Immigration Detention of Children and Family Separation. Le nouveau rapport réitère que les familles détenues devraient être relâchées et avoir accès à des alternatives communautaires à la détention. 

Since 2011, Canada has housed more than two hundred Canadian children in detention in Toronto’s Immigration Holding Centre, alongside hundreds of formally detained non-Canadian children, according to the report Invisible Citizens: Canadian Children in Immigration Detention (PDF) from the University of Toronto’s International Human Rights Program (IHRP). The report recommends that Canada urgently implement alternatives to the detention of children rather than confining them in immigration detention facilities or separating them from their detained parents.

 

The 57-page report is a follow-up to the IHRP’s September 2016 report on non-Canadian children in immigration detention, “No Life for a Child”: A Roadmap to End Immigration Detention of Children and Family Separation. The new report reiterates that families in detention should be released outright or given access to community-based alternatives to detention, such as reporting obligations, financial deposits and guarantors.

C’est avec un immense plaisir que nous vous annoncons la parution du premier rapport de recherche réalisé dans le cadre du projet Migration de mariage et technologies de l’amour: comprendre la gouvernementalité de la migration de mariage en Europe et en Amérique du Nord dirigé par Anne-Marie D’Aoust, professeure au département de sciences politiques et membre du CRIEC de l’Université du Québec à Montréal.

This article is based on empirical research with West African migrant women working in prostitution in Paris. Given current migration regulations in Western Europe, as well as state policies on prostitution, the traffickers and people considered to be trafficking victims de facto form part of the same economy of the margins. What is needed to cut down on the number of trafficking victims is to guarantee basic human rights to migrants.

This article is based on empirical research with West African migrant women working in prostitution in Paris. Given current migration regulations in Western Europe, as well as state policies on prostitution, the traffickers and people considered to be trafficking victims de facto form part of the same economy of the margins. What is needed to cut down on the number of trafficking victims is to guarantee basic human rights to migrants.

Environ un million de Mexicains ont quitté les États-Unis entre 2009 et 2014 pour rentrer dans leur pays, tandis que quelque 870 000 ont fait le chemin en sens inverse sur la même période, selon une étude du Pew Research Center publiée jeudi. L’institut américain de recherche avait déjà détecté une tendance similaire entre 2005 et 2010 : les Mexicains rentrés chez eux avaient été légèrement plus nombreux — 20 000 personnes — que ceux venus tenter leur chance aux États-Unis.

Les flux de migrants vers les îles grecques enregistraient lundi un record à la baisse avec seulement quelques dizaines d’arrivées, une première depuis cet été, ont indiqué les autorités grecques, évoquant des raisons météorologiques sans exclure un coup de frein turc au trafic.

The decline in the number of Mexican immigrants living in the U.S. also is reflected in a 2015 Pew Research Center survey done in Mexico, in which a decreasing share of Mexicans report connections in the U.S. Today, 35% of adults in Mexico say they have friends or relatives they regularly communicate with or visit in the U.S., down 7 percentage points from 2007, when the Mexican immigrant population in the U.S. had reached its peak.

With the slowdown in recent immigration, Mexican immigrants living in the United States today are a more settled population than they were 25 years ago, an era before large numbers of their authorized and unauthorized fellow citizens crossed the U.S.-Mexico border. Compared with 1990, Mexican immigrants in 2013 were considerably older (median age of 39 vs. 29), better educated (42% with high school diploma or more vs. 24%) and had been in the U.S. for longer (77% had been in the U.S. for more than a decade, compared with 50%).

Overall, migration flows between the U.S. and Mexico have slowed down. But the net flow from Mexico to the U.S. is now negative, as return migration of Mexican nationals and their children is now higher than migration of Mexicans heading to the U.S. These new findings are based on Pew Research Center estimates using U.S. Census Bureau surveys to measure inflow of Mexican immigrants to the U.S. and the National Survey on Demographic Dynamics (ENADID) from Mexico’s chief statistical agency (INEGI), which measures the number of Mexican immigrants who have moved back to Mexico after living in the U.S. between 2009 and 2014.

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