Réfugiés

As policymakers address these questions, it is worth reviewing some key facts about refugee resettlement in the United States that have often been overlooked in current debates. This fact sheet, drawn from recent Migration Policy Institute (MPI) research, analysis of U.S. government policies, and other sources, covers key questions such as refugee benefits use, employment, and educational attainment; the screening that would-be refugees have to go through before admission; and the likely integration picture for Syrian refugees.

L’Europe n’en a pas fini avec la crise des réfugiés. La crainte d’une fermeture de toutes les frontières européennes, un temps calme sur la mer Egée, ainsi que, selon les Nations unies, l’offensive de l’armée syrienne, appuyée par l’Iran et par la Russie, contribuent à un nouvel afflux. D’après l’ONU, environ 35 000 personnes ont fui notamment la région d’Alep ces derniers jours.

"La République tchèque est la seule, parmi les pays par lesquels transitent les personnes se rendant plus à l’ouest, à soumettre « de façon routinière ces migrants et réfugiés à une détention de quarante jours, parfois jusqu’à quatre-vingt-dix jours, dans des conditions décrites comme dégradantes », a déclaré le haut-commissaire des Nations Unies pour les droits de l’homme, Zeid Ra’ad Al-Hussein, jeudi 22 octobre."

Besides being a long-term political challenge, Europe's refugee crisis has also presented European governments with more practical problems, such as finding enough housing for hundreds of thousands of asylum seekers

"Critics of the government’s policy of preventing migrants from coming ashore are seizing on her case to highlight allegations of abuse in the detention centers, and on Nauru, where hundreds of migrants have been held."

"Migrants have flooded into Slovenia since Hungary closed its border with Serbia to people making arduous treks across Europe in September and clamped down on its border with  Croatia on Saturday. Since then, 21,500 people have entered Slovenia from Croatia, with many thousands more on the way."

After weeks of warnings about the dangers involved in Europe’s migrant influx, and fears about winter’s arrival, the worries of public officials and humanitarian groups were realized on Monday when thousands of asylum seekers, many of them families with small children, began to back up at crossings and were stranded in a chilly rain.

“We can’t welcome everybody,” a Bavarian-based newspaper wrote recently. Crowding thousands of people from different cultures into tents and hoping that they follow German customs was simply irresponsible. There were 1,000 criminal acts, 2,000 police interventions and 3,000 injuries over a two-week period alone. All this self-congratulatory talk of hospitality had to stop.

Stepping up European attempts to clear away hundreds of thousands of migrants whose asylum claims have been denied, E.U. leaders early Friday bolstered the powers of the pan-E.U. border agency to deport people.

Le gouvernement canadien a utilisé les événements du 11 septembre 2001 et le focus consécutif sur la sécurité en tant que couverture pour la négociation d'une entente avec les États-Unis qui détournerait les demandeurs d'asile à destination du Canada qui passent par les États-Unis. Cette entente est-elle réellement à propos de la sécurité? Si non, de quoi s'agit-il réellement?  Ce chapitre évalue les impacts possibles de l'entente sur la sécurité - sur le Canada, les États-Unis et les réfugiés?

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