Asylum

Besides being a long-term political challenge, Europe's refugee crisis has also presented European governments with more practical problems, such as finding enough housing for hundreds of thousands of asylum seekers

"Critics of the government’s policy of preventing migrants from coming ashore are seizing on her case to highlight allegations of abuse in the detention centers, and on Nauru, where hundreds of migrants have been held."

After weeks of warnings about the dangers involved in Europe’s migrant influx, and fears about winter’s arrival, the worries of public officials and humanitarian groups were realized on Monday when thousands of asylum seekers, many of them families with small children, began to back up at crossings and were stranded in a chilly rain.

“We can’t welcome everybody,” a Bavarian-based newspaper wrote recently. Crowding thousands of people from different cultures into tents and hoping that they follow German customs was simply irresponsible. There were 1,000 criminal acts, 2,000 police interventions and 3,000 injuries over a two-week period alone. All this self-congratulatory talk of hospitality had to stop.

Stepping up European attempts to clear away hundreds of thousands of migrants whose asylum claims have been denied, E.U. leaders early Friday bolstered the powers of the pan-E.U. border agency to deport people.

Les politiques d'asile semblent traverser les frontières avec plus de facilité que les demandeurs d'asile eux-mêmes. Beaucoup - mais pas tous - de ces instruments de politiques d'asile 'mobiles' visent à dissuader, détourner et rejeter les demandeurs d'asile. La circulation et la transformation d'idées entre le Canada, les États-Unis, l'Australie, les États membres de l'UE et l'UE elle-même peut rendre difficile l'identification des sources ou l'étiquetage d'une itération particulière comme par exemple de l'émulation. Le Canada est à la fois pays d'origine et de réception de cette migration de la politique.

Asylum policies seem to migrate across borders with notably greater ease than asylum seekers themselves. Many - though not all - of these 'mobile' asylum policy instruments aim to securitize deter, deflect and reject asylum seekers. The easy circulation and morphing of ideas between Canada, the US, Australia, the EU Member States and the EU itself can make it difficult to identify sources or label any particular iteration as an instance of emulation. Canada is both sending and receiving country for this policy migration.

Le gouvernement canadien a utilisé les événements du 11 septembre 2001 et le focus consécutif sur la sécurité en tant que couverture pour la négociation d'une entente avec les États-Unis qui détournerait les demandeurs d'asile à destination du Canada qui passent par les États-Unis. Cette entente est-elle réellement à propos de la sécurité? Si non, de quoi s'agit-il réellement?  Ce chapitre évalue les impacts possibles de l'entente sur la sécurité - sur le Canada, les États-Unis et les réfugiés?

The Canadian government has used 9/11 and the consequential focus on security as a cover for negotiating an agreement with the United States which would deflect Canada-bound asylum seekers who pass through the United States. Is this agreement really about security? If not, what is the agreement about? The paper assesses the likely impact of the agreement on security - on Canada, on the US, and on refugees?

Les collaborateurs de cet ouvrage examinent comment les éléments des pouvoirs législatif, executif et administratif des gouvernements ont répondu aux problématiques concernant les droits et statut des réfugiés et demandeurs d'asile dans trois juridiction de common law: le Royaume-Uni, l'Australie, le Canada, les États-Unis et la Nouvelle-Zélande.

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