Family immigration

Les mariages mixtes ont toujours eu une relation ambiguë et souvent problématique avec la loi. D’une part, ils ont souvent été perçus comme étant un indicateur de l’intégration socio-culturelle dans la société. En termes juridiques, cette perception a été exprimée via un accès privilégié à la nationalité pour les membres des familles des citoyens. D’autre part, les mariages mixtes sont souvent vus comme représentant une menace à la société et la cohésion sociale. Dans cet article, Betty de Hart essaie de démontrer que les perceptions contradictoires des mariages mixtes ont influencé le développement du droit à la citoyenneté à travers le temps. 

Mixed marriages have always had an ambiguous and often problematic relationship with the law. On one hand, mixed marriages have been seen as a key indicator of sociocultural integration into mainstream society. In terms of the law, this perception has been expressed, for example, as privileged access to citizenship status for immigrant family members of citizens. 

According to IPS estimates, non-EU family migration to the UK increased from an average of 35,000 per year in the 1990s to 45,000 in 2013, or 20% of all non-EU immigration that year. These estimates include both dependents and family unification migrants. Family migration, like overall migration to the UK, increased from 1997 to the mid-2000s, peaking at 74,000 in 2006 (see figure 1). Also similar to other categories of migration, family migration declined in the second half of the 2000s. But these shifts in family migration were smaller in magnitude than similar shifts in migration for work or study. As a result of these trends, family migration comprises a smaller share of overall migration now than it did in the 1990s (see our the Migration Observatory briefing on Immigration by Category: Workers, Students, Family Members, Asylum Applicants). Although this briefing focuses on non-EU migration, it is worth noting that, including  EU nationals, family migration is now at similar levels to the 1990s. LTIM estimates of family migration were 90,000 in 1991 and averaged 75,000 during the 1990s. LTIM estimates had increased to 105,000 by 2006 but fell to 71,000 in 2013.

The federal immigration department has said it will be accepting the same number of applications this year as it did in 2015 from parents and grandparents wanting to join family members in Canada, despite a Liberal election promise to double the intake “immediately.”

Almost three months since the world beheld images of the tiny corpse of drowned Syrian toddler Alan Kurdi, which washed ashore on a Turkish beach, it appears that some of his family members may be en route to a better life in Canada.

Gov. Chris Christie has opposed the entry of any Syrian refugees into New Jersey, but he has no control over the federal resettlement program.

The governments of Lebanon, Jordan and Turkey are all jockeying to be the main source of the 25,000 Syrian refugees to be selected for Canada’s new resettlement program. Close to four million Syrians are currently living in UN refugee camps, informal settlements, on the streets and in crowded apartments in those three countries, straining the resources of each. But Michelle Cameron, Canada’s ambassador to Lebanon, said the eventual breakdown of how many refugees are selected from each of the countries will depend on one thing — who needs resettlement most.

Pour être en mesure d’offrir aux réfugiés syriens plus qu’un simple « sourire », Ottawa rajuste le tir quant à la date d’arrivée et le type de parrainage des quelques 25 000 personnes qu’il compte accueillir. Ainsi, seulement 10 000 réfugiés arriveront avant la fin de l’année. Les 15 000 supplémentaires devraient pouvoir s’établir en sol canadien d’ici la fin du mois de février 2016.

 

The federal government will include gay men among the Syrian refugees it brings into Canada as part of a plan that puts the focus on accepting women, children and families. The Citizen has learned that while the Liberal government, because of potential security concerns, will not accept lone males — at least during the first wave of migrants — this approach will come with an important caveat. The government is sensitive to the fact that gay men escaping violence in the region could be persecuted, so they will be permitted to come to Canada.

Le ministre de l’intérieur suédois, Anders Ygeman, a annoncé, mercredi 11 novembre, que la Suède allait instaurer, dès jeudi, des contrôles à ses frontières pour une durée de dix jours. M. Ygeman, lors d’une conférence de presse, a expliqué cette décision par la forte arrivée de migrants dans son pays : « Il y a un nombre record de réfugiés qui arrivent en Suède. L’Office des migrations est sous forte pression […] et la police estime qu’il existe une menace contre l’ordre public. »

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