Gender and migration

Although gender offers valuable perspectives for understanding migration law, masculinity has received little attention. In family migration, men are generally regarded as economic agents and family as marginal to their lives, a view that is difficult to dislodge because it serves the purposes of governments anxious to reduce unwanted immigration. In British immigration law, measures have often explicitly or implicitly relied on such gender-based assumptions.

While families all over the world enlist the help of family, friends, or paid day care for their children, the need to do so is especially strong for individual women (single or divorced) who work outside the home to earn a living. Women who migrate for work in another country, in search of better pay, may need to have children stay in the homes of others in the country of origin. That "good mothering" may take many forms was not initially recognized under Dutch immigration law. The approach in the Netherlands eventually brbought it into conflict with European human rights law and with the merging immigration law of the European Union (EU).

While families all over the world enlist the help of family, friends, or paid day care for their children, the need to do so is especially strong for individual women (single or divorced) who work outside the home to earn a living. Women who migrate for work in another country, in search of better pay, may need to have children stay in the homes of others in the country of origin. That "good mothering" may take many forms was not initially recognized under Dutch immigration law. The approach in the Netherlands eventually brbought it into conflict with European human rights law and with the merging immigration law of the European Union (EU).

Ce livre examine les lois en matière d'immigration sous l'angle du genre. Il présente comment les lois en matière d'immiagration situe les conflits de genre à l'extérieur de l'ordre national, les projectant sur les États non-occidentaux, les cultures exotiques, le travail clandestin et les organisations criminelles.

This book examines immigration law from a gender perspective. It shows how immigration law situates gender conflicts outside the national order, projecting them onto non-western countries, exotic cultures, clandestine labour and criminal organizations.

Cet article examine l'argument accidentel de procréation à travers le cadre de la théorie anthropologique, de l'histoire, de la littérature et de la loi constitutionnelle. Nous concluons que le mariage est parfois utilisé pour canaliser l'hétérosexualité masculine dans la reproduction, mais de faire valoir que cet objectif est la condition sine qua non du mariage est de simplifier considérablement son histoire à la fois dans la loi et de la culture.

This article examines the accidental procreation argument through the lenses of anthropological theory, history, literature, and constitutional law. We conclude that marriage has sometimes been used to channel male heterosexuality into reproduction, but to argue that this goal is the sine qua non of marriage is to vastly oversimplify its history in both law and culture.

Ce chapitre examine comment cette expérience pour devenir un citoyen est affectée par, et à son tour alimente, les inégalités de genre. Bien que les lois d'immigration et de naturalisation sont conformes aux principes formels d'égalité des genres, la loi et particulièrement les lois d'immigration ont des effets genrés. 

This chapter examines how this experience of becoming a citizen is affected by, and in turn further entrenches, gender inequality. Although the law of immigration and naturalization comports with principles of formal gender equality, the law especially the law of immigration, has gendered effects.

En prenant pour point de départ l'hypothèse partagée que la privatisation signale la transition d'un État-providence à un État néolibéral, les auteurs illustrent le rôle de la loi dans ce processus et ses impacts sur les femmes et l'ordre de genre. Ce faisant, les auteures mettent à nue l'interaction complexe entre une économie politique globalisée, la reproduction sociale et la régulation légale, fournissant une importante contribution aux théories politiques et légales féministes. D'un grand intérêt pour les chercheurs et étudiants en science politique et en droit - particulièrement ceux qui s'intéressent aux sphères des politiques publiques et de l'État - ces essais contribuent fortement aux débats sur le genre et vont attirer un vaste audience féministe.

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