Managing citizenship, security, and rights : regulating marriage migration in Europe and North America.
- United Kingdom
Genre, migrations, reproduction sociale et Welfare state. Un état des discussions
Even though migrations have been studied through the lenses of citizenship stratification (Kofman, 2002 ; Morris, 2002), of various regimes of social protections (Bommes et Geddes, 2000), of parallel elaboration of nation and racism (Schierup et al., 2006) and of migrants' access to social rights (Sainsbury, 2003), nobody has highlighted the considerable contribution of migrants' work in the preservation of welfare state; far from only benefiting from it, migrants also largely contribute to social protection systems (see Hillmann, 2005 on Germany and Sciortino, 2004 on Italy). In Europe, as well as in Asia, care labor is more and more performed by migrants, more precisely by female migrants (Hillmann, 2005). At the same time, researches on welfare state and on the evolution of care in a gender perspective still ignore the essential role played by female migrants in that field (see Ungerson, 2003).
In the first part of this article, the changing contours of migration from the perspective of gender, particularly through the development of female labor migration, will be briefly described. Secondly, two key concepts that are the global chains of care and the social reproduction are going to be studied the same way they are used in the analysis of global care labour transfer. In a third part, I will briefly explore the integration of migrant labor into various regimes of social protection in Europe.
- Kofman, Eleonore. 'Genre, migrations, reproduction sociale et Welfare State' in J. Falquet, A. Rabaud, J. Freedman and Scrinzi, F. (eds) Femmes, genre, migrations et mondialisation: un état des problématiques, Cahiers du CEDREF, Paris, 2008 pp. 101-124