Managing citizenship, security, and rights : regulating marriage migration in Europe and North America.
A revelatory examination of 150 years of sexuality-based discrimination against immigrants to the United States.
Since the late nineteenth century, immigrant women’s sexuality has been viewed as a threat to national security, to be contained through strict border-monitoring practices. By scrutinizing this policy, its origins, and its application, Eithne Luibhéid shows how the U.S. border became a site not just for controlling female sexuality but also for contesting, constructing, and renegotiating sexual identity.
This article argues that the essays in the special issue on ‘Queer Migration, Asylum and Displacement’ collectively problematize how official identity categories trouble, and are troubled by, queer and asylum-seeking migrants. It discusses the future research and activist possibilities that these essays open up.
Rich histories of Irish migration, and of Irish sexuality, have been set down on paper - frequently without acknowledging one another. What new questions, insights, lines of research, and political possibilities might emerge if we were to put Irish migration and Irish sexuality scholarship into critical conversation?
“Illegal” status is commonly conceived as stemming from migrants' undesirable characters, yet recent scholarship has shown that “legal” and “illegal” statuses are created through political processes and relations of power that require critical scrutiny. This essay expands the scholarship by showing that sexual norms critically shape where and how states draw distinctions between legal and illegal status.
Focusing on the U.S. campaign to secure recognition of same-sex couple relationships within immigration law, this article brings the scholarship about the social construction of undocumented immigration into critical conversation with queer studies. Challenging neoliberal representations of legal or illegal immigrant status as a sign of individual character, rather than as an outcome of multiple relations of power, the article highlights the central role of sexual regimes in constructing the distinction between legal and illegal.
Most scholarship, policymaking, service provision, activism, and cultural work remain organized around the premise that migrants are heterosexuals (or on their way to becoming so) and queers are citizens (even though second-class ones). Where do queer migrants figure in these frameworks and activities? How do we conceptualize queer migration—which is at once a set of grounded processes involving heterogeneous social groups and a series of theoretical and social justice questions that implicate but extend beyond migration and sexuality strictly defined, and that refuse to attach to bodies in any strictly identitarian manner—in order to challenge and reconfigure the dominant frameworks?
This article examines the ways that state sexual regimes intersect with migration controls to re-make exclusionary nation-states and geopolitical hierarchies among women. I focus on two important Irish Supreme Court rulings: the X case (1992) and the O case (2002), respectively. X was a raped, pregnant, 14-year-old who sought an abortion in Britain.
Queer Migrations brings together scholars to provide analyses of the norms, institutions, and discourses that affect queer immigrants of color, also providing ethnographic studies of how these newcomers have transformed established immigrant communities in Miami, San Francisco, and New York.
How are sexuality and migration shaped and reshaped by one another? Varied definitions of sexuality have made this a challenging question to answer. Until recently, sexuality was frequently conflated with gender, or else addressed under rubrics like crime, deviance, morality, or disease (Manalansan, 2006). Moreover, sexuality was commonly understood as a private matter and irrelevant to the ‘big’ questions about migration.
Heteronormative policies and practices—which subordinate immigrants not just on grounds of sexual orientation but also on grounds of gender, racial, class, and cultural identities that may result in "undesirable" sexual acts or outcomes (such as "too many" poor children)—are deployed by the state to select who may legally enter the United States and to incorporate immigrants into hegemonic nationalist identities and projects.
This article, through the study case of Sara Harb Quiroz, provides us with a window into immigration service efforts to identify and exclude foreign- born women who were believed to be lesbians. That Quiroz encountered difficulties when entering at El Paso, because an agent suspected that she was a lesbian, clearly demonstrates that sexuality functioned as a "dense transfer point for relations of power" at the border.
Gender and International Migration in Europe is a unique work which introduces a gender dimension into theories of contemporary migrations. As the European Union seeks to extend equal opportunities, increasingly restrictionist immigration policies and the persistence of racism, deny autonomy and choice to migrant women. This work demonstrates how processes of globalisation and change in state policies on employment and welfare have maintained a demand for diverse forms of gendered immigration.
In the past decade there has been considerable interest in issues of funding and provision of care in public and social policy. This paper extends discussions of migration and care to the global South and lays out some questions that need to be addressed to help reflect local realities in discussions of care in the South.
In Europe, as well as in Asia, care labor is more and more performed by migrants, more precisely by female migrants (Hillmann, 2005). At the same time, researches on welfare state and on the evolution of care in a gender perspective still ignore the essential role played by female migrants in that field (see Ungerson, 2003).
This chapter first considers the reasons why family migration has traditionally been marginal to studies of international migration and recent developments that have generated interest in the role of families in migration. Second, it outlines the trends and types of family migration and difficulties of comparing situations in different countries. Third, it examines international conventions concerning the right to family life and policy developments within the context of managed migration.